What is Drupal?
Drupal is one of the top 3 Content Management Systems (CMS’s) in the world, along with WordPress and Joomla. Drupal is a popular, free, powerful and open-source Content Management System (CMS) designed for rapid development of complex websites with a graphical UI for controlling content.
One of Drupal’s most popular features is the Taxonomy module, a feature that allows for multiple levels and types of categories for content types. And you can find plenty of professional Drupal Themes, which are ready to be customized and worked with. A group of the developer may hire to complete a range of tasks for the Drupal site for a reasonable fixed fee.
Guidelines for Handling a Website using Drupal Platform
- Step 1: Get a domain name.
- Step 2: Get a web hosting service.
- Step 3: Download and install Drupal from drupal.org.
- Step 4: Choose a fascinating title for the website.
- Step 5: Choose a striking theme.
- Step 6: Add “About Us” and “Services” page.
- Step 7: Add Blog to the website.
- Step 8: Add “Contact Us” to the page.
- Step 9: Configure the main menu.
- Step 10: Add contributed modules.
- Step 11: Link the social networks.
Feature of Drupal
A plain installation comes with a ton of optional modules that can add lots of interesting features like forums, user blogs, OpenID, profiles and more. It’s trivial to create a site with social features with a simple install of Drupal. In fact, with a few 3rd party modules you can create some interesting site clones with little effort.
Drupal has also Plug-ins. It has a very active community powering it, and has excellent support for plug-ins and other general questions.
- Flexible Contents: Define custom fields that can be used across content types, users, comments, terms and other entities. Store the data for these fields in SQL, NoSQL, or use remote storage.
- Better theming: Control exactly what gets shown where on the screen with the new Render API and some truly radical alter hooks. The new RDF module provides semantic web markup.
- Accessible: Administration screens are now far more accessible. Many front-end improvements make it easier for you to build highly accessible websites.
- Image and files: Adding images to content is now built in. Generate different versions for thumbnails, previews and other image styles. Private file handling can now be used alongside public files
- Automated code testing: A new automated testing framework with over 30,000 built-in tests allows for continuous integration testing of all Drupal core patches and contributed modules.
- Improved database support: A new database layer provides out-of-the-box support for SQLite, MySQL/MariaDB, and PostgreSQL. Install contributed modules to use MS SQL Server, Oracle, and more.
- Better distribution support: Use installation profiles to distribute your custom Drupal product. A new API and exportable configurations let you capture more settings in code.
- Extend: Thanks to a great community effort, over 800 modules are available or under active development for Drupal 7, including Views, Path auto, and WYSIWYG, with more on the way every day.
Steps to Installing Drupal
Before making your website publicly available on the Internet, the user probably will want to build and test it in an offline development environment.
- When the website is completely working as it’s satisfaction in the development environment, the user can upload it to a Web host for serving online.
- Drupal can install on own computer for a local development environment in several ways, e.g.- It can run USB drive with USB Web server, Windows development environment, Mac OS development environment, Linux development environment and Virtual machine development environment.
Step 1: Download from Drupal.org and extract the .zip Drupal file:
Drupal is available in two supported versions on drupal.org; the most recent and the previous. Currently, that is Drupal 8 (released November 2015) and Drupal 7. The Recommended releases are the latest stable releases of either version.
Step 2: Create the database:
Before running the installation script, you must create an empty database and database user (a username assigned the rights to use the Drupal database).
A user can create Drupal database using one of the following methods:
- Web browser-based control panel (such as “CPanel” or “Plesk”)
- Creating the database directly (advanced users using from command line)
- Create a database using MySQL/MariaDB commands
- Create a database using PostgreSQL commands
Step 3: Create settings.php and the files directory:
- In order for Drupal to work, you have to configure where the database is, what the database is called, and the database credentials to access the database. This information is stored in the settings.php file which is located in sites/default. The settings.php file is common to Drupal 6, 7 and 8.
- New to Drupal 8 in the sites/default folder, is a file named default.services.yml. Just like default.settings.php, default.services.yml has to be renamed in order to work.
Step 4: Run the installation script:
The base URL means the document root (directory) where you placed your Drupal files (and is defined in your web server configuration file).
If you have installed Drupal on a web host this will likely be a domain name such as
http://www.example.com. If you installed Drupal in a subfolder, you should point your browser to the subfolder (for example,
If you installed Drupal on your desktop machine, the URL might be
If the installation process does not simply appear by entering the base URL of your site, add the file name to
install.phpthe end of your site’s URL (for example,
Setting up the files directory:
After installing Drupal, you will need to ensure the directory files can be accessed by your Web server. If it does not have the correct permissions, you may get an error message stating that “sites/default/files does not exist …”
- In the folder create
sites/defaulta new directory called
- Grant read, write and execute permissions on the new directory to the Web server.
Most FTP programs will allow you to create the new directory and set its permissions.
Once you’ve completed these steps confirm the appropriate permissions have been assigned by navigating to Administer -> Reports -> Status report. Scroll to the section labelled, “File system” and confirm your settings are now correct.
- In the folder create
Customers of Drupal
Over 1,000,000 websites run on Drupal. Below are the prominent examples of how Drupal is powering the Internet. This how-to is intended to be a crash course in the build processes of any Drupal website. It is incredibly adaptable, meaning that it allows you to create websites of almost any kind of imagination, from small 5-page simple sites to incredibly large and complex corporate websites.
Some of the famous websites made with Drupal are
Lamborghini using Drupal
2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympic Games website
Weather.com using Drupal
Whitehouse.gov using Drupal
Twitter using Drupal
Tesla Motors using Drupal
eBay Classified using Drupal
Harvard University using Drupal
motogp.com using Drupal
Digg using Drupal
CMS Usage Statistics
|Name of the CMS(Content Management System)
|Percentage of using CMS for their website|
|Workplace by Facebook||8%|
|Google Search Appliance||1%|
You have achieved an idea and concept about Drupal, how to use it and what are its benefits and its success story. Hope it was easy and fun to understand the topic.